[1] Submission due by Sunday 2400 March 6 , 2400.
Audria Herrera

For all you soda drinkers out there:
During the annual Endocrine Society meeting (NERDS!!) a physician ran a small experiment on young women who drink diet coke.
In the study, 20 health women were randomized to drink 24 ounces of water or diet cola on two days. Their urine was collected up to three hours later. What she found was those who drank diet cola excreted more calcium and phosphorus than those who drank water. Calcium and phosphorus are both important nutrients that work together to build strong bones and teeth. She states other previous studies have confirmed that diet cola and cola drinkers have lower bone density and have a higher fracture instance rate. She thinks that young women who are otherwise healthy are compromising their futures by drinking diet cola or regular cola which will lead to lower bones densities and more broken bones.

Park, Madison. (2010, July 10). Diet cola drains calcium in women. Retrieved from http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2010/07/07/diet-cola-drains-calcium-in-women/?iref=allsearch/

Audria, I love this picture!..Andrea W.

Nyvall, B. (2011). Greenville County Schools Online. Retrieved 2011, from http://teachers.greenville.k12.sc.us/sites/bnyvall/Pages/Nervous%20System%20Webpage.aspx
Jennifer Harris

Professional Journal Article Evaluation – posted by Andrea Pedrosa

High Stress Hormone Levels Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Mortality

We often hear how stress can affect our overall health, but do we really know why? There is a physiological reason that chronic stress is detrimental to our health, and by understanding this, maybe we will be more likely to incorporate strategies in our lives to decrease our stress levels.

Cortisol (hydrocortisone) is a hormone released by the adrenal glands in response to stress to aid the body in reestablishing homeostatsis. Its release suppresses the immune system. Chronically elevated cortisol levels have been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and increased death from cardiac events.

Over a six year period, researchers at the University Medical Center in the Netherlands and at the National Institute on Aging in Baltimore, Maryland conducted a study titled, Urinary Cortiso l and Six Year risk for All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality and published it in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2010. Results of the study conclude that high cortisol levels strongly predict cardiovascular death among persons both with and without pre existing cardiovascular disease.

“Previous studies have suggested that cortisol might increase the risk of cardiovascular mortality, but until now, no study had directly tested this hypothesis,” said Nicole Vogelazangs, PhD, lead author of the study. He further states, “Cortisol is an important component of the stress system of the human body but in higher concentrations can be harmful.”

Journal Article Evaluation
I located this research study through publication of a journal article in the ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily is based in Rockville, Maryland. Contact information for questions or comments may be sent to Dan Hogan, Editor, editor@sciencedaily.com. Mailing address and phone and fax numbers are also provided. Copy write information provided is extensive as are the terms of use and disclaimers. No fees are permitted and all feeds are free of charge. The story source is provided as is information regarding editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff. Journal references are included. Funding for the study was not provided. Based on these criteria, I believe this journal article to be credible.

The Endocrine Society (2010, September 10). High stress hormone levels linked to increased cardiovascular mortality. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 19, 2011, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100909073909.htm

Website review: American Thyroid Association (thyroid.org). Marjorie McGowen
This is a non-profit website supported and run by the American Thyroid Association. This Association has been in existence since 1923. The website offers the latest information on research, medication news, and treatment. The site also provides links to the most current research being conducted regarding the thyroid. There are brochures that can be printed off for patients and for the health care providers. There are links offered for education and research for the medical professional.
Suffering from hypothyroidism myself, I was highly interested in this website. I found it to be reliable, informative, and very useful. I would recommend this website to anyone needing further information on the various diseases of the thyroid. I believe this website is reliable as it is research and treatment focused. The website is also the recipient of various online medical awards for its content and usefulness.
● American Thyroid Association: Thyroid Cancer, Hyperthyroid, Hypothyroid, Thyroiditis, Thyroid Clinical Trials, Thyroid Patient Health Information. (n.d.). American Thyroid Association: Thyroid Cancer, Hyperthyroid, Hypothyroid, Thyroiditis, Thyroid Clinical Trials, Thyroid Patient Health Information. Retrieved March 2, 2011, from http://thyroid.org

James Earley Endocrine video that is fun as well as informative.

" YouTube - The Endocrine System ." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRG51eh2gC8&feature=playe

Endocrine System . (n.d.). KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. Retrieved February 16, 2011, from http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body
This is a great website that my kids recommended to me. It does a great job of breaking down the endocrine system in to simple steps. You could use this website for any health matter that is not clear to us as students. Keep in mind that it is geared toward kids so it is the basics, but it would help start a base knowledge if your are lost. Parents if you want to invole you kids in any of your schooling send them to this site. http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_basics/endocrine.html


Trentin Moya - Journal article evaluation

While researching childhood diabetes, I found an interesting article regarding whether a baby born by cesarean section has an increased risk for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Cardwell et al. (2008) hypothesized that it cesarean birth increases the risk for children. They conducted a meta-analysis and conducted a literature review of the subject.

It has been observed that as the rate of cesarean births have increased so has the rate of children under 15 being diagnosed with Type I DM. Cardwell et al. (2008) cite research which indicates that animals born via cesarean had a higher risk of diabetes. The gut microbiotic composition of children born cesarean differs from those born vaginally; this difference also alters immunity which could increase the risk of Type I DM (Caldwell et al., 2008).

Others studies have shown increased risks for Type I DM include maternal age, birthweight, and breastfeeding (Caldwell et al., 2008). These factors would have to be accounted for when conducting their current research. After concluding their meta-analysis, it was determined that an approximate 20% increased risk for Type I DM was found for children being born by cesarean. Confounding factors as those mentioned above could not explain this increase. These findings were found consistently across the studies investigated (Caldwell et al., 2008).

Possible factors for this increase are children are exposed to bacteria originating from the hospital environment rather than maternal bacteria when born cesarean. It is hypothesized that cesarean born children have a reduced exposure to bacteria and infections than children born vaginally thus putting them at increased risk of Type I DM.

This article should be considered credible. The authors credentials are cited and contact information is provided. This funding for the study is also cited. References are included. This article was located through GoogleScholar.

Cardwell, C. R., Stene, L. C., Joner, G., Cinek, O., Svensson, J., Goldacre, M. J. . . . Patterson, C. C. (2008). Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Diabetologia, 51(5), 726-735. doi: 10.1007/s00125-008-0941-z. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/content/8p3341k2rw7g32w8/fulltext.pdf.
Trentin Moya

May be a little bit silly, but maybe it would be good for the children.

xyzmatt. (n.d.). YouTube - Insulin Education . YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4J2Ifex1ak
Sasha Huber
  1. ^ Type the content of your reference here.

    Below is a video from Youtube that gives an easy to understand but brief explanation of the endocrine system and how it works. (wild card)
    [[media type= width="480" height="390"]]
    Retrieved from youtube on February 27, 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YI2qYRWzSZ4&playnext=1&list=PLD4FB8CF3B1634EAE "The Endocrine System: How it works" Wendy Villa

    Below is an image that gives great detail of each part of the endocrine system. Hope it helps you in remembering each area.
    Go to fullsize image
    Go to fullsize image

    "Endocrine System | Flickr - Photo Sharing!" Welcome to Flickr - Photo Sharing. Web. 27 Feb. 2011. http://www.flickr.com/photos/uvcn-tatzkie/2463148561/.
    Wendy Villa (photo)

    [[media type= width="425" height="350"]]

    external image EndocrineModel.jpg
    Joe Trujillo

    external image lipedema.jpg
    Karleen Kennedy

    chicchin85. (2007, October 18). Hormones. Retrieved March 2, 2011, from Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIPYVV4aThM
    Greg Volz

    Website Review: The Society of Endocrinology (www.endocrinology.org) Amber Hampton
    This website has been established since 1946 to promote the advance of endocrinology. A few of the Society’s aims are; to advance scientific and clinical education and research in endocrinology for the public’s benefit, and to educate and inform the public on all aspects of endocrinology. The Society of Endocrinology is governed by a council of Management, ten committees, and one steering group. A few of these committees are the Clinical Committee, The Nurse Committee, Publications committee, and the Science Committee. The Society of Endocrinology is also affiliated with the following; Association of Medical Research Charities (AMRC), The Foundation of Science and Technology, The International Society of Endocrinology, and The Society of Biology. The Society for Endocrinology takes memberships from anyone working in an endocrine related field, at any stage of their career. However, the public can view the articles that are on their website. I did not find where the specific funding for this Society is, other then through a portion of the membership fees. I feel that this website is credible, as you can view all the authors and their credentials, along with the steps that must be met in order for that article to be on the Society for Endocrinology. (Society For Endocrinology)

    Works Cited

    Society For Endocrinology. (n.d.). Retrieved March 6, 2011, from endocrinology.org: http://www.endocrinology.org/about/

    media type=This is a rap song made from students to help them remember the endocrine system. Andrea Wheat
    endocrine system rap. (n.d.). TeacherTube - Teach the World | Teacher Videos | Lesson Plan Videos | Student Video Lessons | Online Teacher Made Videos | TeacherTube.com. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://teachertube.com

    [[media type= width="480" height="390"]]

    This is a video about Cushing's Syndrome. It helped me understand the disease better - Holly

    drmdk. (n.d.). YouTube - Cushing Disease . YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved March 6, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ku-QJyQ0j7M&feature=player_embedded

    by Josie Dean
    The China Study is book which compiles the study of MANY diseases and disorders, including diabetes. Diabetes, as we now know, is an endocrine disorder. I encourage you to check it out as it proposes many theories on how the diseases might be conquered - the ideas are primarily diet-based. Regarding diabetes, the authors of the study purport that diabetics can drastically improve their insulin and diabetes medication needs if they make improvements to their diets.